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Subject: Re: [chairs] reminder to chairs: OASIS IPR Policy member review
I'm not so sure this is quite as simple. I think we need something explictly upfront.
The ITEF has learned the hard way on this over the SenderID SNAFU - where
something that appeared to be progressing into the foundation of the Internet is then
found to have IPR associated with it. The Apache Project then baulked at using it,
and the IETF had to backtrack.
See - Google on "SenderID IPR" or http://xml.coverpages.org/ni2004-09-03-a.html
Clearly you have to know what rules you are playing by upfront - and not have a
situation (as happened with ebXML CPA) where a vendor comes back later
and says - sorry we changed our minds - and now the trip-wire you referred to is
Right now I'm not seeing that clear distinction with what is on the table. I have no
problem with TC efforts that want to be IPR bound - that is their choice - and
presumably they have specific reasoning for wanting to do that - but I cannot see
that being transferred to everyone else as the only modus operandi.
John Messing wrote:
I am not an expert in this field but it seems to me that the "IPR-free" zone to which you refer is automatically excluded from the IPR policy because only claims or potential claims of IPR involving work of a TC can trigger provisions of the IPR policy in the first place. So perhaps one way of looking at it is that the "IPR-free" zone is outside the scope of the IPR policy but continues to co-exist nonetheless in a robust environment. Best regards. John Messing American Bar Association representative to OASIS Member, LegalXML Steering Committee-------- Original Message -------- Subject: Re: [chairs] reminder to chairs: OASIS IPR Policy member review From: "David RR Webber" <email@example.com> Date: Fri, September 10, 2004 6:13 am To: "Philpott, Robert" <firstname.lastname@example.org> Cc: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Robert, Thanks for all these notes. It is still very unclear to me - which of the three IPR choices currently on the table is intended to function as an 'IPR free-zone'. Eg - the TC is operating without any IPR licensing, and all participants are agreeing to contribute entirely unburdened submissions to the TC, and not attempt to gain future IPR on TC work We have TCs that currently exist explicitly because work was proceeding under that basis - particularly government sponsored TC work, and clearly we need to retain that ability for TCs that operate under those constriants. It would be good to know which of the three IPR choices matches this so those TCs gain reference that for their government sponsors accordingly. We may also want to ask government legal departments involved to comment further. Thanks, DW ======================= Philpott, Robert wrote:Rats – I made a cut and paste error and dropped one of the comments. I’ve embedded it below… ------------------------------------------------------------------------ *From:* Philpott, Robert [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] *Sent:* Friday, September 10, 2004 1:16 AM *To:* email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org *Cc:* email@example.com *Subject:* RE: [chairs] reminder to chairs: OASIS IPR Policy member review Karl, et al, RSA Security performed an internal review with our legal department to evaluate the proposed OASIS IPR Policy. I've included our relevant comments and questions below. The points we feel most strongly about are: * Lines 73-79, 82-87: Defines the terms “OASIS Committee Draft”, “OASIS Committee Specification”, “OASIS Specification”, and “OASIS Standard”. In the recent revision of the TC process, the term “Committee Specification” was eliminated and replaced with “Committee Draft”. So it appears that this IPR Policy is introducing a 3^rd level of specification (CD, CS, and Standard) and uses the term “OASIS Specification” to meaneither an “OASIS Committee Specification” or an “OASIS Standard” (depending on context). Is this true? The use of the term “OASIS Specification” in the policy makes it VERY difficult to keep straight which level of spec is actually being referred to. This gets WAY too confusing and is easily misinterpreted. We recommend dropping the definition and use of this term. Wherever the policy uses “OASIS Specification”, it should just use the “OASIS Committee Specification” or “OASIS Standard” terms or both. * Lines 103-105: The definition of “Products” only includes “specific portions of products . . . that implement and are compliant with */_all_/*_ _Normative Portions of an OASIS Specification.” [emphasis added] However, “Normative Portions” are defined to include portions of optional parts that must be implemented. We suggest that the Normative Portions of optional parts be excluded from the word “all”. * Lines 311-312: There appears to be a choice between the terms “that Obligated Party” and “all implementers of such OASIS specification”. We prefer the term “Obligated Party”. The license agreement is between the Licensee and the Obligated Party. The Licensee is only getting rights to that particular Obligated Party’s IP. It only seems reasonable that the reciprocal grant be to the Obligated Party and not to ALL implementers. If the grant back is to all implementers, the Licensee may have no leverage to negotiate licenses with other Obligated Parties, as those Parties will already have a license. · */[RSP] Lines 313-314: There is a choice between the terms “Obligated Party” and “any implementer”. Again, we prefer the term “Obligated Party”. Assume that Licensee enters into an agreement with an Obligated Party, but does not come to agreement with another implementer. If the term “any implementer” is used, the Licensee cannot sue the implementer without worrying that Obligated Party would terminate its agreement with the Licensee. The Licensee could not enforce its IP against any other implementer. Every implementer would effectively have a license without giving any consideration to that Licensee, including reciprocal rights. The phrase “for infringement of claims essential to implement such OASIS Specification” should be replaced with “for infringement of Essential Claims”. What makes a claim “essential” has already been defined. Using the defined term will help prevent confusion. The provision in lines 312-315 also seems one-sided. The Licensee should be able to suspend the license to the Obligated Party if the Obligated Party sues the Licensee./*** * Lines 336-337: We prefer the term “that Obligated Party” for the reasons described above for lines 311-312. * Lines 338-339: We prefer the term “the Obligated Party” for the reasons described above for lines 313-314. * Regarding all of the licensing modes: The FAQ states in section 4.4 that the IPR Policy defines particular licensing baselines, and that other terms more favorable to the Licensee may be offered instead. We believe that the IPR Policy should affirmatively state that the licensing terms apply unless a separate agreement is reached. What is “more favorable” is subjective, but we’re comfortable with this term. If, for example, a licensee did not wish to provide reciprocal rights, separate terms could be negotiated. The IP licensing modes should not prevent companies from doing deals that make sense for both parties. In addition we have a few other comments/questions: * Line 45: The clause “in effect at the time such OASIS specification was developed” is used. This is an odd sentence. It is not clear from the sentence whether this clause modifies the TC charter or “the claims in any patent or patent application”. We suggest that the claims should include future claims. Here’s a potential scenario. A patent application is pending while a spec is being developed. The claims as filed do not apply to the spec. After the spec is completed the claims are amended to now cover the spec. It seems reasonable that these claims should be included in the “Essential Claims.” * Lines 46-49: As written, the definition of Essential Claims includes Normative Portions of optional parts. I understand that there may be several ways to implement a feature of a spec. We would be concerned if one of our technologies was described as an “option” and then we were forced to license. If there are non-infringing “options”, our IP should not become an Essential Claim. * Lines 41-51: We suggest that the definition of Essential Claims be clarified to state that the claims are “claims owned or controlled by a party.” We further suggest that there be a carve-out for claims “that if licensed, would require a payment of royalties by the licensor to unaffiliated third parties.” In the licensing requirements section (section 10), the Obligated Party’s claims are referred to as “its Essential Claims.” Our reasoning for the first suggestion is that the definition of Essential Claims would then encompass both claims that are owned by a company as well as claims for which a company is the exclusive licensee with rights to sublicense. In certain situations, patents are exclusively licensed rather than assigned. The exclusive licensee basically controls the patent. My reasoning for the carve-out is that if a TC selects a RF mode, it would not be fair to force the Obligated Party to sublicense for free and then have to pay fees to a third party. * Lines 185-186: Refers to “implementations of draft versions of an OASIS Committee Specification”. Is this the same as an “OASIS Committee Draft” by the new definitions? Or is it referring to rev’s (i.e. drafts) of the specs that have not been voted on by the TC? * Lines 279-281: This clause doesn’t seem quite correct. It says that the obligation kicks in when an “OASIS Specification” (which as mentioned earlier is either an OASIS Committee Specification or an OASIS Standard) is approved that incorporates “such OASIS Committee Draft, either in whole or in part”. We can see how the “OASIS Standard” type of OASIS Specification might incorporate the “OASIS Committee Specification”, but it doesn’t make sense to talk about an “OASIS Committee Specification” incorporating the “OASIS Committee Specification”. This is very difficult to interpret the intent of the clause. Also, the use of “in whole or in part” seems to kick in the obligation even if the part that might be included no longer deals with the claims. *Rob Philpott* /Senior Consulting Engineer/ *RSA Security Inc.* *Tel: 781-515-7115* *Mobile**: 617-510-0893* *Fax: 781-515-7020* mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org-----Original Message-----From: Karl F. Best [mailto:email@example.com]Sent: Friday, July 30, 2004 2:55 PMSubject: [chairs] reminder to chairs: OASIS IPR Policy member reviewTC chairs:On 9 July OASIS announced to its membership a draft IPR Policy that hasbeen developed by our Board, and requested that members review andprovide comment on this draft. (SeeOne of the documents in this review is the proposed Transition Policy,which describes how TCs will transition to the new IPR Policy byselecting an IPR mode to operate under, after which the OASIS members(organizations and individuals) represented in the TC will vote toratify that selection.In addition to the other issues in the IPR Policy that you individuallyand your companies may be interested in, I would also appreciate yourTCs looking at, discussing, and commenting on the transition to the newIPR Policy, as well as any other parts of the Policy that will affectthe day-to-day operations of the TC.-Karl=================================================================Karl F. BestVice President, OASISoffice +1 978.667.5115 x206 mobile +1 978.761.1648
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