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Subject: [OASIS Issue Tracker] Updated: (MQTT-102) What does QoS 0 mean? Should it be called "At Most Once"?

     [ http://tools.oasis-open.org/issues/browse/MQTT-102?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel ]

Andrew Banks updated MQTT-102:

In WD16 

Remove the phrase "or duplication" from line 34 in the description of "At most once".

Add to section Dup 

Non Normative comment 
The Server will send an outbound PUBLISH Packet for each inbound PUBLISH packet that matches a subscription. Consequently  a duplicated inbound PUBLISH Packet will result in several PUBLISH Packets.

> What does QoS 0 mean? Should it be called "At Most Once"?
> ---------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: MQTT-102
>                 URL: http://tools.oasis-open.org/issues/browse/MQTT-102
>             Project: OASIS Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) TC
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: core
>    Affects Versions: 3.1.1
>            Reporter: Peter Niblett
> WD 14 lines 34, 378 and 1254  all refer to QoS 0 as "At most once" (in contrast to QoS 1 which is "At least once", and QoS 2 "Exactly once").  Line 35 goes on to state that for QoS 0 "Message loss or duplication can occur".   However the description of QoS 0 section 4, line 1256 says "The message arrives at the receiver either once or not at all".
> The inclusion of "duplication" in the statement in 35 causes two problems:
> 1. It looks like a mistake to refer to something as "At most once" and at the same time tell people that duplication can occur
> 2. It gives equal status to loss and duplication. Someone implementing (for example) a server or a bridge from another protocol can find themselves in a position where they have a QoS 0 message which might possibly have already been sent. What should they do?  Should they assume that consumers don't care about duplicates and so they should send it just in case, or can they say that consumers don't care about lost messages, so they should discard it ?
> We need to clarify this ambiguity and decide what QoS 0 really means
> a) It really does mean "At most once", in which case we remove the word duplication from 35. We should also add some normative text to say that a sender  should never knowingly send a QoS 0 message that might be a duplicate (i.e. it should err on the side of dropping a message rather than possibly sending a duplicate).
> b) It really does mean "Duplicates and Gaps" (so taken to an absurd extreme a server that continually published message 1 ad infinitum would be compliant). In this case we should stop referring to it as "At most once".
> At risk of complicating things, I would like to add a related point to be considered alongside this issue, and that is the requirement on the use of the DUP flag in QoS 1.  In WD14 line 363 there's a statement that says
> "If Dup -0 then the flow is the first occasion that the client or server has attempted to send the MQTT PUBISH (sic) packet" If DUP 1 then this indicates that the flow might be a re-delivery of an earlier packet".  
> It has been pointed out that a client that always sets DUP 1 would be compliant with this statement, which I am sure was not our intention. I think the statement should be reworded in normative language to say that you MUST set DUP 0 on the first occasion that a packet ID is used, and DUP 1 if you have attempted to send a message with that packet ID previously.. (the precise wording of this would need some work) 

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