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*Subject*: **RE: [office-formula] IMSUB and portable?**

*From*:**"Dennis E. Hamilton" <dennis.hamilton@acm.org>***To*: "'Patrick Durusau'" <patrick@durusau.net>,<office-formula@lists.oasis-open.org>*Date*: Tue, 23 Mar 2010 09:42:49 -0700

I don't believe this should be a note. It can be removed. Any user guide can provide this. It is not necessary to the specification or implementation of OpenFormula. The observation made in the note is a consequence of the (mathematical) definitions of IMABS and IMSUB. Also, the note is about how to test complex numbers for (approximate) equality when "=" is not defined for complex operands. It is not about a general test for equality of other things, only Complex Type values. It should not be used when neither of the operands are of Complex type or where overflow of extreme numerical magnitudes is of concern. - Dennis Here's my understanding of this technique in the context of OpenFormula. IMSUB(z1,z2) takes complex operands and produces a complex result, however the operands are expressible for a given evaluator. Typically, a Number type value provided as z1 or z2 is automatically converted to a complex value whose imaginary part is 0. I haven't checked OpenFormula to verify that is the case here, but I expect that it is. If a text value is provided for either of z1 or z2, the automatic conversion for that applies. If it is not convertible, there is an error value from IMSUB, of course. IMABS(IMSUB(z1,z2)) is a simple non-complex magnitude that will be 0 when z1 and z2 are identical and a small Number value when they are nearly-identical to within some notion of approximately-equal. So one could test for near identity using IMABS(IMSUB(z1,z2)) <= approximately-0-tolerance-value As in IMABS(IMSUB(z1,z2)) <= 0 (or IMABS(IMSUB(z1,z2))=0 because IMABS is never negative), IMABS(IMSUB(z1,z2)) <= 0.5E-10, and so on. -----Original Message----- From: Patrick Durusau [mailto:patrick@durusau.net] Sent: Tuesday, March 23, 2010 07:51 To: office-formula@lists.oasis-open.org Subject: [office-formula] IMSUB and portable? Greetings! Should the following be a note: A portable way to test equality is to use IMSUB to compute the difference, use IMABS to find the absolute difference, and then ensure the absolute difference is smaller than or equal to some nonnegative value (for exact equality, compare for equality with 0). I ask because if an evaluator allows a TEXT type, IMSUB accepts complex. If the TEXT is not converted into Complex, then how it this a portable test of equality? Seems to assume conversion to complex, which may not be the case. Suggestions? Thanks! Patrick -- Patrick Durusau patrick@durusau.net Chair, V1 - US TAG to JTC 1/SC 34 Convener, JTC 1/SC 34/WG 3 (Topic Maps) Editor, OpenDocument Format TC (OASIS), Project Editor ISO/IEC 26300 Co-Editor, ISO/IEC 13250-1, 13250-5 (Topic Maps)

**Follow-Ups**:**Re: [office-formula] IMSUB and portable?***From:*"David A. Wheeler" <dwheeler@dwheeler.com>

**References**:**IMSUB and portable?***From:*Patrick Durusau <patrick@durusau.net>

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