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Subject: FW: XML Daily Newslink. Wednesday, 02 January 2008

Most of you subscribe to Robin's Newslink but wanted to point out one

2008 Predictions: SOA, Grid, SCA, Web 2.0, REST
David A. Chappell, O'Reilly Opinion


-----Original Message-----
From: Robin Cover [mailto:robin@oasis-open.org] 
Sent: Thursday, January 03, 2008 7:20 AM
To: XML Daily Newslink
Subject: XML Daily Newslink. Wednesday, 02 January 2008

XML Daily Newslink. Wednesday, 02 January 2008
A Cover Pages Publication http://xml.coverpages.org/
Provided by OASIS http://www.oasis-open.org
Edited by Robin Cover

This issue of XML Daily Newslink is sponsored by
Primeton  http://www.primeton.com


* XML Outlook for 2008
* 2008 Predictions: SOA, Grid, SCA, Web 2.0, REST
* Eclipse Reeling in Swordfish as SOA Framework
* openLiberty ID-WSF ClientLib Project Releases Alpha Code
* Can IBM Bring the Semantic Web to Notes and Outlook?
* Atom Syndication Format Tombstones
* Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac: The Complete Package


XML Outlook for 2008
Kurt Cagle, O'Reilly Opinion

"I've made it a habit over the last several years to put together a
list of both my own forecasts for the upcoming year in the realm of XML
technologies and technology in general and, with some misgivings, to
see how far off the mark I was from the LAST time that I made such a
list. The exercise is useful, and should be a part of any analyst's
toolkit, because it forces you to look both at the trends and at potential
disruptors to trends  -- which I've come to realize are also trends,
albeit considerably more difficult to spot... As to open standards -- I
think we're going to see a period of consolidation and integration within
the W3C after a few very productive years. The XPath family of languages
are largely complete and solid (though I see the rumblings of an XForms
2.0 in the near future), the Semantic languages are close to complete,
the initial burst of activity to align HTML with AJAX will continue but
within a clearly defined timeline, and the mobile initiative set out a
couple of years ago will likely run its course in 2008 or early 2009.
My anticipation is that there will likely be a drawdown of activity by
the W3C over the course of the next couple of years, at least until the
next major wave... Overall, 2008 should prove to be an interesting, if
somewhat nail-biting, year. There are signs that XML is maturing at the
enterprise level and is beginning to make its presence felt within web
browsers and web interfaces (especially beyond simply being local data
islands or data stores), and XML is also beginning to become a solid
data technology in its own right, rather than simply a messaging or
'document' format. In general, the coming year should prove not to have
too many huge disruptions, but it will see a number of standards that
have been in the works for several years now start to become widely
deployed, including in the Semantic Web, XPath-family, and compound
document arenas. I'm lost optimistic about proprietary XML client
frameworks -- they will continue achieving some market penetration,
but likely not as much as their marketing departments would like to
project. Beyond that, macro-economic trends will begin to have an
impact upon XML and IT in general, especially towards the latter half
of 2008 and early into 2009, though probably not as dramatically as
in years past."



2008 Predictions: SOA, Grid, SCA, Web 2.0, REST
David A. Chappell, O'Reilly Opinion

"(1) Grid computing will grip the attention of enterprise IT leaders,
although given the various concepts of hardware grids, compute grids,
and data grids, and different approaches taken by vendors, the
definition of grid will be as fuzzy as ESB. This is likely to happen
at the end of 2008. (2) At least one application in the area of what
Gartner calls 'eXtreme Transaction Processing' (XTP) will become the
poster child for grid computing. This killer app for grid computing
will most likely be in the financial services industry or the travel
industry. Scalable, fault tolerant, grid enabled middle tier caching
will be a key component of such applications. (3) Event-Driven
Architectures (EDA) will finally become a well understood ingredient
for achieving realtime insight into business process, business metrics,
and business exceptions. New offerings from platform vendors and
startups will begin to feverishly compete in this area. (4) Service
Component Architecture (SCA) will become the new way for SOA applications
to be defined as support from all the major platform vendors (sans
Microsoft) will be rolled out... (9) By end of year it will be clear
that an understanding of infrastructure requirements for common
problems such as predictable scalability, reliability, security,
(*-ilities) will be necessary in order to support any combination of
SOA, REST, or Web 2.0 style applications. However the exact architecture
or even the list of requirements in support of such infrastructure
will not be well understood or agreed upon. Such a common understanding
will not come to bear until at least 2010. This will be the new
frontier to explore in the coming years..."



Eclipse Reeling in Swordfish as SOA Framework
Paul Krill, InfoWorld

The Eclipse Foundation with its Swordfish project is developing an
open source SOA framework intended for applications ranging from
enterprise environments to embedded systems. Based on technology from
German logistics company Deutsche Post, Swordfish features an SOA
runtime platform that leverages three popular projects: Service
Component Architecture (SCA), Java Business Integration (JBI), and
Open Services Gateway initiative (OSGi). SCA provides a common
programming model and assembly description format while JBI serves as
a common messaging model. OSGi, which is the basis of the Eclipse
runtime platform, provides common deployment and runtime component
models in Swordfish. The Swordfish architecture uses OSGi to implement
JBI and SCA... According to the Eclipse Swordfish blog, Deutsche Post
developed the core SOA engine with plans calling for the code to be
refactored into an OSGi-based SOA engine. The OSGi engine serves as a
milestone to an SOA runtime framework. The version 1.0 production
release of Swordfish is scheduled for the third quarter of this year.
Swordfish offers a way to use JBI, SCA, and OSGi for server-side
applications, said analyst Michael Cote of Redmonk. It also
demonstrates Eclipse's reach to the server.



openLiberty ID-WSF ClientLib Project Releases Alpha Code
Asa Hardcastle (ed), Software Announcement

Asa Hardcastle, Technical Lead for the openLiberty ID-WSF ClientLib
Project, announced that the ClientLib Alpha is now available online.
The ClientLib uses OpenSAML's Java XML Tooling, SOAP, and SAML2
Libraries. The Identity Web Services Framework (ID-WSF) is a set of
open specifications for interoperable, secure, idenity-enabled Web
services. OpenLiberty.org, a domain name donated by HP, has been
launched with the aid of the Liberty Alliance as a resource for all
those looking to deploy open source solutions for securing
identity-based Web services at the relying party. The participants
are initially focusing on ways to provide the open source community
with ID-WSF Web Services Consumer (WSC) libraries so that developers
can incorporate SAML 2.0 functionality into a variety of Web services
and client-based applications... SAML 2.0 is the leading standard for
federated identity and is now widely adopted. Liberty Federation
(SAML 2.0 + Liberty Alliance policy best practices) is a key enabler
for securing Web services across domains, protecting user privacy and
enabling appropriate user control over the use of identity information.
While SAML alone can secure access to Web-based applications, the
client technologies of ID-WSF are required to allow applications to
invoke services across the network. By focusing initially on WSC
Libraries that take advantage of SAML 2.0, we will have new tools for
building more functional, secure and privacy respecting Web services,
especially at the relying party.

See also the Architecture Document:


Can IBM Bring the Semantic Web to Notes and Outlook?
Andy Dornan, Network Computing

OmniFind Personal Email Search tries to extract useful information like
addresses or phone numbers from inboxes, and lets organizations
customize semantic tagging to avoid irrelevant results. While email
search itself isn't new (Google's Desktop Search will happily index your
inbox along with the rest of your hard drive), the IBM software is
slightly different. Rather than finding a specific email message or
thread, Omnifind is aimed at searching for unstructured data: the
information buried within an inbox. And it looks like one of the first
genuinely useful desktop applications based on the Semantic Web -- an
idea that has been somewhat eclipsed by Web services and Web 2.0, but
which could eventually unite them with SOA. The key technology in the
tool is UIMA (Unstructured Information Management), an IBM-led open-source
framework for analyzing text and other unstructured data. This is
essentially pattern recognition: a series of ten digits with hyphens,
brackets or spaces in the right places is a phone number, two letters
followed by five numbers is a zip code, etc. The tool uses this to
generate semantic XML tags automatically, overcoming what has been the
biggest barrier to the Semantic Web: that people don't have the time
or inclination to add metadata to documents manually... Omnifind also
lets users edit the default tags or create their own, using regular
expressions to represent search patterns. IBM suggests that these be
used to customize the search to a specific organization, finding
information like employee IDs or package tracking numbers. It could
also be used to weed out irrelevant search results, most of which
are caused by the one-size-fits-all approach that public search engines
must take. The long-term goal of UIMA is to apply the same automated
pattern recognition to other kinds of data, which will likely be harder.
Email is in some senses the low-hanging fruit, as it isn't entirely
unstructured: There are the formal fields like "To", plus the informal
structure of salutations and signatures that it inherited from regular

See also the OASIS Unstructured Information Management Architecture (UIMA)
TC: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/uima/


Atom Syndication Format Tombstones
James Snell (ed), IETF Internet Draft

The "Atom Tombstones" specification has been updated after several
months of dormancy. The specification defines mechanisms by which Atom
Feed publishers can explicitly indicate that specific Atom Entries have
been removed from an Atom feed. The "atom:deleted-entry" element may
appear as a child of atom:feed to represent an Atom Entry that has been
removed from the feed. The "atom:deleted-entry" element must contain
one "atom:id" element whose value specifies the atom:id of the entry
that has been removed. The "atom:deleted-entry" element MAY contain one
atom:when element whose value is an RFC 3339 "date-time" specifying
the instant the entry was deleted. An uppercase "T" character must be
used to separate date and time, and an uppercase "Z" character must
be present in the absence of a numeric time zone offset... Atom Feed
Documents may contain any number of "atom:deleted-entry" elements...
As specified in RFC 4287, Atom processors should be aware of the
potential for spoofing attacks where an attacker publishes atom:entry
or "atom:deleted-entry" elements using the same atom:id values as
entries from other Atom feeds. An attacker may attempt to trick an
application into believing that a given entry has either been removed
from or added to a feed. To mitigate this issue, Atom processors are
advised to ignore "atom:deleted-entry" elements referencing entries
that have not previously appeared within the containing Feed document
and should take steps to verify the origin of the Atom feed before
considering the entries to be removed.

See also the Atom Syntax list thread:


Microsoft Office 2008 for Mac: The Complete Package
Elsa Wenzel, CNet Software Review

"The revamped Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Entourage offer expanded
tools for image-conscious users and businesses. After a series of
delays, Microsoft plans to release Office for Mac 2008 to
brick-and-mortar and online stores on January 15, 2008, making this
the first update in about four years. We've tested beta versions of
the new applications over the last month without running into glitches.
Office for Mac includes Word, Excel for spreadsheets, PowerPoint for
presentations, and Entourage for e-mail and time management. There's
no Microsoft Access database app for the Mac, although Filemaker's
upcoming release of Bento offers Mac users a new choice. Unlike
Microsoft Office 2007, the interface changes don't look radically
foreign next to the 2004 edition. That's good news for anyone who
doesn't want to relearn the locations of common functions. The 2007
applications for Windows arrange functions within tabs, while the 2008
Mac software largely clusters functions within the same drop-down menus
including File, Edit, and View... Office for Mac saves work in the same
new Open XML formats used by Office 2007 for Windows. We're not thrilled
about this being the default option, even though you can save your
work in the older DOC, XLS, and PPT formats. Free file conversion
tools won't be available until up to 10 weeks from now, or eight weeks
after the applications are available in stores. That means that for now,
should you save work in a new Open XML format in a hurry, someone with
the older software won't be able to open it. Although we're glad that
Microsoft offers free converters, we find the forced extra steps
annoying in Office 2007. That said, the new document types are smaller
and purportedly more secure than their predecessors."



XML Daily Newslink and Cover Pages are sponsored by:

BEA Systems, Inc.         http://www.bea.com
EDS                       http://www.eds.com
IBM Corporation           http://www.ibm.com
Primeton                  http://www.primeton.com
SAP AG                    http://www.sap.com
Sun Microsystems, Inc.    http://sun.com


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