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Subject: Re: [ubl-dev] Representing taxable freight charges in an Invoice

If the intention is that all invoices that attract delivery charges should be represented by
FreightInvoice, then this could be made clearer in the UBL documentation.

In section 4.6.1, "Billing Business Rules Assumed" it discusses packaging, delivery/postage,
and freight in the context of Invoice.  No mention is made of FreightInvoice.

Section 4.6.4, "Freight Billing" talks about using Freight Invoices, in the context of transport
service providers invoicing customers for logistics services, not for the goods being transported.

Section 4.11. "Document Types" describes FreightInvoice as "A document issued by a transport
operation specifying freight costs and charges incurred for a transport operation and stating
conditions of payment."



Roberto Cisternino wrote:
4657." type="cite">
Generally speaking it is a bad idea to change the semantic meaning of a
business document, in UBL 2.0 and UBL 2.1 the FreightInvoice is the best
for freights.
Technically speaking the Invoice and FreightInvoice differs just for one
aggregate "Shipment" which is exaclty containing he requirements for
freight practices.
I add also that if anyone should choose an invoice for advanced
cross-border that document is the FreightInvoice.
OIOUBL is not a good reason for not using it if you are not implementing
their profile...

In your sample you can choose between filling up teh TaxCategory inside
the AllowanceCharge (for simple cases) or the TaxCategory available inside
TaxTotal/TaxSubTotal (for more complex cases with subtotals)

The TaxTotal aggregate has the same structure of the one you find on the
line items.

best regards

        Thanks for the response. I'd ruled out FreightInvoice earlier as
for my purposes, freight is treated as just another line item.
 Looks like neither OIOUBL nor NESUBL use it either.

 Here is the updated example as per your other suggestions:





         Untaxed freight




 Also, whats the rationale behind including TaxCategory in AllowanceCharge
but not on InvoiceLine?
 On InvoiceLine it looks like it must be specified via the TaxSubtotal,
requiring elements to be duplicated.
 From the UBL-Invoice-2.0-Example.xml:





                     UK VAT




 Roberto Cisternino wrote:    please remove the 2nd row of my answer...
sorry            Hello, as the TaxAmount is separated by th 1st of all I
believe you are using an UBL-FreightInvoice-2.0  The FreightInvoice is
exaclty an UBL Invoice with an additional aggregate called "Shipment"
where you can find a specific "FreightAllowanceCharge" data structure.
GST is a scheme of tax, so you have to explode the TaxTotal and specify
the TaxCategory where you can put a percentage and expand the TaxScheme
to specify "GST" on its ID.  You can further fill up the TaxCategory with
further information related to the GST category use case.  Hope this
helps,  Roberto Cisternino                  Hi all,     how is freight
typically represented in an Invoice? I want to represent freight costs
which may or may not attract 10% GST.  E.g:              true
Freight with GST         10.00                      1.00
          true         Freight without GST         50.00       I'm
assuming that the AllowanceCharge/Amount and
Invoice/LegalMonetaryTotal/ChargeTotalAmount exclude tax. Is this valid?
Thanks,  Tim
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        -- * JAVEST by Roberto Cisternino * * Document Engineering
Services Ltd. - Alliance Member * UBL Italian Localization SubCommittee
(ITLSC), co-Chair * UBL Online Community editorial board member
(ubl.xml.org) * Italian UBL Advisor    Roberto Cisternino    mobile: +39
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