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Subject: Re: [PATCH net] vhost: net: switch to use data copy if pending DMAs exceed the limit

On 02/25/2014 09:57 PM, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
On Tue, Feb 25, 2014 at 02:53:58PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
We used to stop the handling of tx when the number of pending DMAs
exceeds VHOST_MAX_PEND. This is used to reduce the memory occupation
of both host and guest. But it was too aggressive in some cases, since
any delay or blocking of a single packet may delay or block the guest
transmission. Consider the following setup:

     +-----+        +-----+
     | VM1 |        | VM2 |
     +--+--+        +--+--+
        |              |
     +--+--+        +--+--+
     | tap0|        | tap1|
     +--+--+        +--+--+
        |              |
     pfifo_fast   htb(10Mbit/s)
        |              |
     |     bridge          |
     | eth0|(100Mbit/s)

- start two VMs and connect them to a bridge
- add an physical card (100Mbit/s) to that bridge
- setup htb on tap1 and limit its throughput to 10Mbit/s
- run two netperfs in the same time, one is from VM1 to VM2. Another is
   from VM1 to an external host through eth0.
- result shows that not only the VM1 to VM2 traffic were throttled but
   also the VM1 to external host through eth0 is also throttled somehow.

This is because the delay added by htb may lead the delay the finish
of DMAs and cause the pending DMAs for tap0 exceeds the limit
(VHOST_MAX_PEND). In this case vhost stop handling tx request until
htb send some packets. The problem here is all of the packets
transmission were blocked even if it does not go to VM2.

We can solve this issue by relaxing it a little bit: switching to use
data copy instead of stopping tx when the number of pending DMAs
exceed the VHOST_MAX_PEND. This is safe because:

- The number of pending DMAs were still limited by VHOST_MAX_PEND
- The out of order completion during mode switch can make sure that
   most of the tx buffers were freed in time in guest.

So even if about 50% packets were delayed in zero-copy case, vhost
could continue to do the transmission through data copy in this case.

Test result:

Before this patch:
VM1 to VM2 throughput is 9.3Mbit/s
VM1 to External throughput is 40Mbit/s

After this patch:
VM1 to VM2 throughput is 9.3Mbit/s
Vm1 to External throughput is 93Mbit/s
Would like to see CPU utilization #s as well.

Will measure this.
Simple performance test on 40gbe shows no obvious changes in
throughput after this patch.

The patch only solve this issue when unlimited sndbuf. We still need a
solution for limited sndbuf.

Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin<mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Qin Chuanyu<qinchuanyu@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jason Wang<jasowang@redhat.com>
I think this needs some thought.

In particular I think this works because VHOST_MAX_PEND
is much smaller than the ring size.
Shouldn't max_pend then be tied to the ring size if it's small?

Yes it should. I just reuse the VHOST_MAX_PEND since it was there for a long time.
Another question is about stopping vhost:
ATM it's waiting for skbs to complete.
Should we maybe hunt down skbs queued and destroy them
I think this happens when a device is removed.


Agree, vhost net removal should not be blocked by a skb. But since the skbs could be queued may places, just destroy them may need extra locks.

Haven't thought this deeply, but another possible sloution is to rcuify destructor_arg and assign it to NULL during vhost_net removing.
  drivers/vhost/net.c | 17 +++++++----------
  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vhost/net.c b/drivers/vhost/net.c
index a0fa5de..3e96e47 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/net.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/net.c
@@ -345,7 +345,7 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)
  		.msg_flags = MSG_DONTWAIT,
  	size_t len, total_len = 0;
-	int err;
+	int err, num_pends;
  	size_t hdr_size;
  	struct socket *sock;
  	struct vhost_net_ubuf_ref *uninitialized_var(ubufs);
@@ -366,13 +366,6 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)
  		if (zcopy)
  			vhost_zerocopy_signal_used(net, vq);

-		/* If more outstanding DMAs, queue the work.
-		 * Handle upend_idx wrap around
-		 */
-		if (unlikely((nvq->upend_idx + vq->num - VHOST_MAX_PEND)
-			      % UIO_MAXIOV == nvq->done_idx))
-			break;
  		head = vhost_get_vq_desc(&net->dev, vq, vq->iov,
@@ -405,9 +398,13 @@ static void handle_tx(struct vhost_net *net)

+		num_pends = likely(nvq->upend_idx>= nvq->done_idx) ?
+			    (nvq->upend_idx - nvq->done_idx) :
+			    (nvq->upend_idx + UIO_MAXIOV -
+			     nvq->done_idx);
  		zcopy_used = zcopy&&  len>= VHOST_GOODCOPY_LEN
-				&&  (nvq->upend_idx + 1) % UIO_MAXIOV !=
-				      nvq->done_idx
+				&&  num_pends<= VHOST_MAX_PEND
  				&&  vhost_net_tx_select_zcopy(net);

  		/* use msg_control to pass vhost zerocopy ubuf info to skb */

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