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Subject: [virtio-dev][RFC 2/2] virtio-sdm: new device specification

This patch adds the specification of the Signal Dristribution Module virtio
device to the current virtio specification document.

Signed-off-by: Christian Pinto <c.pinto@virtualopensystems.com>
 virtio-sdm.tex | 126 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 126 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 virtio-sdm.tex

diff --git a/virtio-sdm.tex b/virtio-sdm.tex
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..abbdb80
--- /dev/null
+++ b/virtio-sdm.tex
@@ -0,0 +1,126 @@
+\section{Signal Distribution Module}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device}
+The virtio Signal Distribution Module is meant to enable Inter Processor
+interrupts in QEMU/KVM environment. The SDM enables different processors in the
+same or different QEMU instances to send mutual signals. An example are Inter
+Processor Interrupts used in AMP systems, for the processors involved to notify
+the presence of new data in the communication queues.
+\subsection{Device ID}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device / Device ID}
+\subsection{Virtqueues}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device / Virtqueues}
+\item[0] hg_vq
+\item[1] gh_vq
+Queue 0 is used for host-guest communication (i.e., notification of a signal),
+while queue 1 for guest-host communication.
+\subsection{Feature bits}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device / Feature bits}
+\subsection{Device configuration layout}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device / 
+Device configuration layout}
+The device configuration is composed by three fields: \texttt{master},
+\texttt{max_slaves} and \texttt{current_slaves}.
+struct virtio_sdm_config {
+	u8    master;
+	u16   max_slaves;
+	u16   current_slaves;
+The SDM device can be instantiated either as a master or as a slave. The master
+slave behavior is meant on purpose to reflect the AMP like type of communication
+where a master processor controls one or more slave processors.
+A master SDM instance can send a signal to any of the slaves instances,
+while slaves can only signal the master. 
+The \texttt{master} field of the configuration space is meant to be read by the
+Linux driver to figure out whether a specific instance is a master or a slave.
+The \texttt{max_slaves} field contains the maximum number of slaves supported by
+the SDM device. 
+The value of \texttt{max_slaves} is initially set from the command line of QEMU,
+but can be changed during operations through the configuration space.
+Finally the \texttt{current_slaves} field contains the actual number of slaves
+registered to the master SDM. This field is a read only field. 
+\subsection{Device Initialization}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device /
+evice Initialization}
+During initialization the \texttt{hg_vq} and \texttt{gh_vq} are identified and
+the device is immediately operational. A master instance can access the number
+of slaves registered at any time by reading the configuration space of the
+During the initialization phase the device connects also to the communication
+channel that is specificied as a parameter when configuring the device. At the
+current state there are two types of communication channels: local and
+socket(TCP or UNIX).
+The local channel is meant for SDM devices attached to the same QEMU instance,
+while the network channel makes it possible to exchange signals between
+SDMs in different instances of QEMU. 
+The type of communication channel is chosen at QEMU boot time and cannot be
+changed during operations. It has to be noted that the behavior of the device is
+independent from the communication channel used.
+\subsection{Device Operation}\label{sec:Device Types / SDM Device / Device
+The SDM device  handles signal coming from the two following sources:
+\item The local processor to which the devics is attached to.
+\item The communication channel connecting to other slaves/master. 
+The first case is verified when the processor attached to the SDM device wants
+to send a signal to SDM device instance (being it the same QEMU instance or a
+separate one).
+The second case is instead when an SDM device instance receives a signal from
+another SDM device, to be forwarded to the local processor.
+It is important to note that due to the master/slave behavior, slaves cannot
+signal among themsleves but only with the master SDM instance.
+In both cases, before sending over the communication channel, the signal is
+packed in the \texttt{SDMSignalData} data structure.
+enum sdm_signal_type {
+    SDM_IRQ,
+    SDM_BOOT,
+struct SDMSignalData {
+    uint32_t type;
+    uint32_t slave;
+    uint32_t payload[2];
+The \texttt{type} field indicates the type of signal to be sent to the
+destination SDM. The current implementation supports two signal types.
+The \texttt{SDM_IRQ} signal is used to send an inter processor interrupt, while
+the \texttt{SDM_BOOT} signal is sent to trigger the boot of the destination
+processor. The boot signal is meant to be used in an AMP like scenario where a
+master processor boots one or more slave processors (e.g., via remoteproc).
+The \texttt{slave} field contains the id of the SDM instance destination of the
+signal. Id 0 is reserved for the master, from 1 onwards for the slaves.
+This means that the \texttt{slave} field will always contain 0 when the source
+of the signal is a slave SDM instance, while the actual id of the slave in case
+of a master.
+The \texttt{payload} is used to pass extra accompanying information with the
+signal. The use case for the payload field is a hardware mailbox, where data is
+pushed into the mailbox and an interrupt is triggered towards all the devices
+registered with the mailbox.
+The \texttt{SDMSignalData} structure is first filled by the source SDM kernel
+virtio driver and sent over the gh_vq.

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