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Subject: [RFC] virtio-iommu version 0.4

This is the continuation of my proposal for virtio-iommu, the para-
virtualized IOMMU. Here is a summary of the changes since last time [1]:

* The virtio-iommu document now resembles an actual specification. It is
  split into a formal description of the virtio device, and implementation
  notes. Please find sources and binaries at [2].

* Added a probe request to describe to the guest different properties that
  do not fit in firmware or in the virtio config space. This is a
  necessary stepping stone for extending the virtio-iommu.

* There is a working Qemu prototype [3], thanks to Eric Auger and Bharat

You can find the Linux driver and kvmtool device at [4] and [5]. I
plan to rework driver and kvmtool device slightly before sending the

To understand the virtio-iommu, I advise to first read introduction and
motivation, then skim through implementation notes and finally look at the
device specification.

I wasn't sure how to organize the review. For those who prefer to comment
inline, I attached v0.4 of device-operations.tex and topology.tex+MSI.tex
to this thread. They are the biggest chunks of the document. But LaTeX
isn't very pleasant to read, so you can simply send a list of comments in
relation to section numbers and a few words of context, we'll manage.

Version numbers 0.1-0.4 are arbitrary. I'm hoping they allow to compare
more easily differences since the RFC (see [6]), but haven't been made
public so far. This is the first public posting since initial proposal
[1], and the following describes all changes.

## v0.1 ##

Content is the same as the RFC, but formatted to LaTeX. 'make' generates
one PDF and one HTML document.

## v0.2 ##

Add introductions, improve topology example and firmware description based
on feedback and a number of useful discussions.

## v0.3 ##

Add normative sections (MUST, SHOULD, etc). Clarify some things, tighten
the device and driver behaviour. Unmap semantics are consolidated; they
are now closer to VFIO Type1 v2 semantics.

## v0.4 ##

Introduce PROBE requests. They provide per-endpoint information to the
driver that couldn't be described otherwise.

For the moment, they allow to handle MSIs on x86 virtual platforms (see
3.2). To do that we communicate reserved IOVA regions, that will also be
useful for describing regions that cannot be mapped for a given endpoint,
for instance addresses that correspond to a PCI bridge window.

Introducing such a large framework for this tiny feature may seem
overkill, but it is needed for future extensions of the virtio-iommu and I
believe it really is worth the effort.

## Future ##

Other extensions are in preparation. I won't detail them here because v0.4
already is a lot to digest, but in short, building on top of PROBE:

* First, since the IOMMU is paravirtualized, the device can expose some
  properties of the physical topology to the guest, and let it allocate
  resources more efficiently. For example, when the virtio-iommu manages
  both physical and emulated endpoints, with different underlying IOMMUs,
  we now have a way to describe multiple page and block granularities,
  instead of forcing the guest to use the most restricted one for all
  endpoints. This will most likely be in v0.5.

* Then on top of that, a major improvement will describe hardware
  acceleration features available to the guest. There is what I call "Page
  Table Handover" (or simply, from the host POV, "Nested"), the ability
  for the guest to manipulate its own page tables instead of sending
  MAP/UNMAP requests to the host. This, along with IO Page Fault
  reporting, will also permit SVM virtualization on different platforms.


[1] http://www.spinics.net/lists/kvm/msg147990.html
[2] git://linux-arm.org/virtio-iommu.git branch viommu/v0.4
    I reiterate the disclaimers: don't use this document as a reference,
    it's a draft. It's also not an OASIS document yet. It may be riddled
    with mistakes. As this is a working draft, it is unstable and I do not
    guarantee backward compatibility of future versions.
[3] https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-arm/2017-08/msg00004.html
[4] git://linux-arm.org/linux-jpb.git virtio-iommu/v0.4
    Warning: UAPI headers have changed! They didn't follow the spec,
    please update. (Use branch v0.1, that has the old headers, for the
    Qemu prototype [3])
[5] git://linux-arm.org/kvmtool-jpb.git virtio-iommu/v0.4
    Warning: command-line has changed! Use --viommu vfio[,opts] and
    --viommu virtio[,opts] to instantiate a device.
[6] http://www.linux-arm.org/git?p=virtio-iommu.git;a=tree;f=dist/diffs

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