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Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 1/2] virtio-video: Add virtio video device specification

• From: Keiichi Watanabe <keiichiw@chromium.org>
• To: Dmitry Sepp <dmitry.sepp@opensynergy.com>
• Date: Fri, 29 May 2020 23:21:49 +0900

Hi Dmitry,

On Wed, May 27, 2020 at 9:12 PM Dmitry Sepp <dmitry.sepp@opensynergy.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Keiichi,
>
> On Montag, 18. Mai 2020 07:17:53 CEST Keiichi Watanabe wrote:
> > > +struct virtio_video_stream_create {
> > > +        struct virtio_video_cmd_hdr hdr;
> > > +        le32 in_mem_type; /* One of VIRTIO_VIDEO_MEM_TYPE_* types */
> > > +        le32 out_mem_type; /* One of VIRTIO_VIDEO_MEM_TYPE_* types */
> > > +        le32 coded_format; /* One of VIRTIO_VIDEO_FORMAT_* types */
> > > +        u8 padding[4];
> > > +        u8 tag[64];
> > > +};
> > > +\end{lstlisting}
> > > +\begin{description}
> > > +\item[\field{in_mem_type, out_mem_type}] is a type of buffer
> > > +  management for input /output buffers. The driver MUST set a value in
> > > +  \field{enum virtio_video_mem_type} that the device reported a
> > > +  corresponding feature bit.
> > > +\begin{description}
> > > +\item[\field{VIRTIO_VIDEO_MEM_TYPE_GUEST_PAGES}] Use guest pages.
> > > +\end{description}
> > > +\item[\field{coded_format}] is the encoded format that will be
> > > +  processed.
> > > +\item[\field{tag}] is the name associated with this stream. The tag
> > > +  MUST be encoded in UTF-8 and NUL-terminated.
> >
> > I wonder why we need this "tag" field. I have kept this field from
> > Dmitry's first proposal, where this was called "char debug_name[64]".
> > However, on second thought, I have no idea what is the necessity to
> > have this field. Our VMM implementation in ChromeOS simply ignores
> > this field.
> > If OpenSynergy's implementation relies on this field, I'm curious
> > about the usage. We might want to have an enum value instead of this
> > field where arbitrary values can be stored.
> >
>
> The use of this field is not so clear because it was renamed. In fact, one can
> have an idea how it is used by simply looking at the driver code: the field is
> useful to know about the guest client app that uses the context. If someone
> wants to store arbitrary values, they have 64 bytes to do so with this so-
> called tag.

Hmm, though I understand this can be useful for you, I don't think we
should support it in the standard.
For the first example, I feel something is not abstracted well if you
want to send some information from a user app to the host device. User
applications shouldn't have a way to send messages to hardware
directly.
For the second example, who is "someone"? Driver or device? In any
case, I don't think it's the right way. They should extend existing
structs or add commands or feature flags, I think. Also, if arbitrary
values are allowed, the field won't be used correctly except in cases
where both driver implementation and device implementation are
available. This is against what the spec should be: virtio protocol
must work independently from the implementations.
Of course, it's obviously okay to have it as a downstream extension in

>
> > > +\end{description}
> > > +
> > > +The driver MUST set \field{stream_id} in \field{virtio_video_cmd_hdr}
> > > +to an integer that is not used before. If a used value is passed as
> > > +\field{stream_id}, the device MUST reports an error with
> > > +VIRTIO_VIDEO_RESP_ERR_INVALID_STREAM_ID.
> >
> > I'm wondering if we can't generate stream_id in the host side so that
> > we will have less error control code. In the current design, both the
> > device and the driver have error checks; the device must check that a
> > given ID is available and the driver must check if the device didn't
> > return the INVALID_STREAM_ID error. Instead, by generating IDs in the
> > device, we will be free from this type of failure. Same for
> > resource_id in RESOURCE_CREATE.
> >
> > I guess this design originally came from the virtio-gpu protocol.
> > However, I couldn't find a benefit of adopting the same design here.
> >
>
> Honestly I don't see too much difference: device still needs to check whether
> the id provided by the driver within some particular command is correct. If it
> is not, it will return an error. The driver needs to check (or skip checking)
> for an error either way as long as it is possible for the driver code to send
> a wrong number.

I'm talking about creation commands only. So, other commands won't be affected.

Let me try to explain my idea in a different way. The relationship
between the driver and the device can be seen as a client-server
model.
The client (driver) sends a request and the server (device) sends a
response by processing or generating some data.
Thus, I feel it's more natural that new data, including IDs, are
generated and provided by the device.

Best regards,
Keiichi

>
> Best regards,
> Dmitry.
>
> > Any feedback is welcome.
> >
> > Best regards,
> > Keiichi
> >
>
>


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