Thanks for agreeing on the values of this proposal. :-)
Issue 100 was closed in SF F2F in Jun.
I tried to resist the closure action on issue 100 during the F2F. Not
much success. :-)
Some people found the description of issue 100 was a bit too general
and it was mentioned that it is OK for me to open a new issue of
similar nature with a more well-defined scope.
Danny van der Rijn wrote:
time to look at 160 again, i think. i find alex's proposal to be quite
reasonable. as an aside, this is the same issue as 100 which is marked
as closed, yet i can find nothing in the Waldorf F2F minutes that would
explain why it is closed.
ws-bpel issues list editor wrote:
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Issue - 160 - facilities to define XML schema validation
Date added: 10 Aug 2004
Submitter: Alex Yiu
Date submitted: 7 August 2004
- Certain usage of assign operation today already
allow XML data invalid to schema to be created:
- e.g. the literal form of assign
- Data operations that violates schema validation are difficult or even impossible to
catch at static analysis in a number of cases:
- Data value cases: which are impossible to catch at static
- key/keyRef and id/idRef: for uniqueness and cross
- regular expression pattern for simple type values
- Structure cases: which are difficult (if not impossible)
catch at static analysis time
- xsi:type: for example: changing (or adding or
an xsi:type attribute will make a piece of data changing from valid to
invalid or vice versa
- xsd:any: for example: if a part of schema design is
using xsd:any (very common pattern), when combined with the usage of
certain XPath pattern (e.g. "/abc//def"), it will be difficult for
static analysis to determine which schema type of <def> belongs
during static analysis
- It is a well known fact that it is way too expensive to do
validation after every single data manipulation operation (e.g. assign)
at runtime. We should NOT project this expensive and potentially empty
promise in BPEL specification.
- We believe the XML data only needs to be validated at the runtime only at certain points of
BPEL executiion: e.g. message boundary or explicit validation markup
- We need allow users to specify where the schema validation
- A BPEL implementation is encouraged to catch the clear cases
invalid XML data manipulation during static analysis. e.g.:
If deduced types of "foo:xyz" and "bar:abc" are not compatible, a BPEL
can report errors / warnings during static analysis.
How to determine whether a variable should be validated
- Here are the suggested rules for data validity checking:
- message boundary:
BPEL engine needs to validate data at the message related operation in
both direction ("in" and "out"). For example,
- This rule is derived from (Internal Work Draft) W3C
XQuery-Update Requirement: An
implementation MUST provide a mechanism to enforce schema validity at
- This validation can be relaxed or disabled upon
configuration / deployment option (see below).
- language boundary:
(e.g. from-spec / to-spec)
- If the language can handle "schema-less" data (e.g. XPath 1.0)
only, a BPEL engine is NOT required to perform validation on data
passed-in and passed-out from that langauge.
- If the language can handle "schema-ful" data (e.g. XQuery), the
definition of the schema validation semantics on the language boundary
is out of this particular TC scope.
Deployment Configuration Option
An implementation MAY provide a deployment or configuration mechanism
to disable and relax the schema validation. The deployment
configuration mechanism is out of the scope of this TC. (This mirrors a
similar feature described in XQuery-Update Requirements Draft).
New Activity for Validating XML Data
Besides the message boundary, we would like to allow people to add
explicit validation operation in BPEL. (This mirrors a similar
feature described in XQuery-Update Requirements Draft).
"variables" attribute is a list of ncnames which contain any variable
visible in the current scope. The variables can be based on WSDL
message type, schema element, and schema simple type.
New "validateXML" attribute for <Assign>
A new "validateXML" attribute is suggested to be added to
<assign validateXML="yes|no"? >
The default of that boolean attribute is "no".
It can be seen as a convenient marco of a sequence of <assign>
and <validateXML> operations. With validateXML="yes", the
<assign> activity will validate all the variables used by
to-specs, which are being modified by the <assign> activities.
(This validateXML attribute pattern can be applied to other activities
which creates a new variable value. e.g. the potential forEach
If any validation (explicit or implicit) described above fails, a
standard fault bpws:invalidData MUST be thrown by an implementation.
copied from XUpdate Requirement document
- [XQuery Update Requirements - Internal W3C
Working Draft - 07 January 2004 ]
Updates MAY support an explicit or implicit in-place XML
- 3.5.5 Validity at transactional boundaries
Updates MUST enforce schema validity at transactional
boundaries. It MAY provide a mechanism to allow this constraint to be
Changes: 10 Aug 2004 - new issue
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