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Subject: Re: [xliff] Simplified XLIFF element tree

  Hi Rodolfo,

Very well put. I totally agree.

Best Regards,


On 23/08/2010 13:37, Rodolfo M. Raya wrote:
> Hi again,
> There are two different issues to consider:
> 1) How to represent a single segment.
> 2) How to represent segmentation information in an XLIFF file.
> I propose to use<trans-unit>  with a<source>/<target>  pair to represent a single segment (issue 1).
> Before analyzing issue 2, we need to define some basic concepts and use cases. I would call "text block" to a portion of extracted translatable text that can be split into two or more "segments".
> As Andrzej suggested, a "text block" can be represented using the existing<group>  element. Each component "segment" can be stored in its own<trans-unit>. He provided an example that clearly shows how to do that.
> The problematic use cases requiring segmentation information that I'm aware of are:
> a) Wrong segmentation at text extraction time that needs to be fixed at translation time (an unrecognized abbreviation for example).
> b) Translation of "m" segments that requires "n" segments in target language.
> Both cases can be properly handled by allowing translators to merge and split<trans-unit>  elements within a given<group>  as needed. This can be done today using<group>  and<trans-unit>  and their existing attributes. I've implemented this mechanism several times and I know it works very well with XLIFF 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2.
> We need to define in XLIFF 2.0 the official way in which segments can be merged or split at translation time.
> Regards,
> Rodolfo
> --
> Rodolfo M. Raya<rmraya@maxprograms.com>
> Maxprograms      http://www.maxprograms.com
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Yves Savourel [mailto:ysavourel@translate.com]
>> Sent: Monday, August 23, 2010 9:05 AM
>> To: 'xliff'
>> Subject: RE: [xliff] Simplified XLIFF element tree
>>> ...You can segment the<para>  or<p>  at text
>>> extraction time and put each segment in its own<trans-unit>.
>> I agree with Asgeir: extracting and segmenting should be two distinct
>> operations. While they can be done transparently at the same time for the
>> user, I think it's important to make a distinction between the representation
>> of the extracted unit and the segments.
>>> ...If you use a spanning mechanism inside source, you will
>>> have multiple segments in source and target and the number
>>> of source fragments may not match the number of target
>>> fragments; that's very bad for TM/MT support and not XSLT
>>> friendly at all.
>> I agree with Rodolfo: there are some drawbacks with using spans: order,
>> number of segments, etc. But those issues are maybe a product of
>> segmentation-related processes we will always have. For example an
>> automated tool can create a tentative alignment with n-to-m cases and
>> provide the result in XLIFF for a user to finish/correct the aligned set.
>> Maybe there are other representations we can have other than using<trans-
>> unit>  or using<seg-source>  that would allow a more seamless tracking of
>> segments. We need to imagine it.
>> -ys
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fn;quoted-printable:Andrzej Zydro=C5=84

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