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Subject: Re: Aw: Re: Re: [docbook] LaTeX math inside docbook, on-the-fly MathML conversion?


On 01/29/2015 10:14 PM, Marco Giebel wrote:
Because typing complicated math with MathML is too time-consuming, I
want to include math as LaTeX formulas. This LaTeX needs to be converted
to MathML, before I can apply my processing tools.

My xslt knowledge is a bit lacking especially with external tools.
Maybe it is possible to call external converter tools on special tags.

I have built docbook->website translator in python.

the step "Expand xinclude parse text" method could work in this case
as a preprocessor, but without using the xlinclude tag, but something like :
<equation role="latex"><alt>COMPLEX LATEX EQUATION</alt></equation>

You would have to write a small python program that does something like
the routine prepare in

Where I find xinclude :
code = self._doc.xpath(u"//xi:include[@parse='text']",namespaces=const.XPATH)

you would have to find u"//equation[@role='latex']

Then take the text inside the alt tag as input for a Subprocess:
exe in your case an external tool :
xml = subprocess.Popen(exe,stdout=subprocess.PIPE,

How you move the latex text to the tool of choise you have to think about. Either write a temp file with the content and supply that file in the exe command, or maybe stdin is possible.
In my case I have just limited size of input.

Then let the tool do the transform to stdout

As for Latex to MathML I saw 4 tools here :
I can not make any recommendations regarding tools as I have not used math in docbook much.

You can also use an external script as I use. You can see example of
xinclude scripts here :
Ex. address.py. Given an address it generates an map and builds xml to present it. There you see how much control you have over generating/validating the mathml.

Once the tool is done you take the stdout result, parse it and insert it in the tree again :
 xstr = etree.fromstring(stdout)
 # inserting the generated code and remove the xinclude reference
                    idp = c.getparent()
In your case not removing equation but the alt tag or keeping it inserting the mml: tree under equation.

It can be that you need to add proper namespacing for python lxml.

Now you just have to write the tree to disk, and continue to use your toolchain.

vi/emacs docbook.latex.xml
python convert.py docbook.latex.xml docbook.mathml.xml
./process docbook.mathml.xml

This is the most flexible way to preprocess docbook I have found so far.
Python have many libraries that you can use to treat special data.

I process images, encrypt data, select data to include using python, but
keeping the pure but somewhat expanded docbook at the end.

If this method would suit you and if you need more information let me know.


Fredrik Unger

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