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Subject: XLIFF 2.0 proposal: Allow <note> to reference <mrk>

Hi all,


Following up on my action item from the meeting today, here is an initial draft of a proposal for how the <note> element can be associated with specific content inside the source or target of a <trans-unit>.


Sample Scenario: A reviewer wants to comment on the translation of a specific phrase in a multi-segment trans-unit.


Problem in XLFF 1.2: <note> elements can only be associated with the entire source or target of a trans-unit. This makes it difficult to associate the comment with the specific translation it applies to. (This can be particularly confusing in translation environments that present content to be translated in a segment-by-segment way.)


Proposed solution in XLIFF 2.0: Enhance the annotation mechanism in XLIFF 2.0 to allow a <note> to be associated with specifically marked content in the source and/or target.

Once way this could be accomplished is as follows:


ˇ         Add a new value "mrk" for the annotates attribute of the <note> element.

ˇ         Add a new attribute id on the <note> element, to be used when annotates="mrk". This attribute should be an ID type.

ˇ         Add a new value "note" for the type attribute on the <mrk> element.

ˇ         When type="note" on the <mrk> element, interpret the value of the mid attribute as an ID reference to the id value of an existing <note> element.


Here is an example (pretty-printed for ease of reading):



  <source>First sentence. Interesting sentence. Last sentence.</source>


    <mrk mtype="seg" mid="1">First sentence.</mrk>

    <mrk mtype="seg" mid="2">Interesting sentence.</mrk>

    <mrk mtype="seg" mid="3">Last sentence.</mrk>



    <mrk mtype="seg" mid="1">Första meningen.</mrk>

    <mrk mtype="seg" mid="2">En <mrk mtype="note" mid="note1">underlig</mrk> mening.</mrk>

    <mrk mtype="seg" mid="3">Sista meningen.</mrk>


  <note annotates="mrk" id="note1" from="reviewer">Inappropriate in this context.</note>



Some specific advantages with this approach:

ˇ         It is a minor, fully backwards compatible, non-breaking change to the XLIFF 1.2 standard.

ˇ         A single note can reference multiple markers. This allows associating a single remark with multiple instances or concepts. It also allows corresponding source and target content to be associated with the note, which could be particularly useful when commenting on terminology choices. (An <mrk mtype=”note”> with the same mid value can be  applied to the <seg-source> content as well as to <target> content.)

ˇ         The scope of the note can extend across multiple trans-units.


I’d be very interested to hear your comments on this.


Best regards,


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